A portfolio is none other than a basket of stocks. Portfolio Management is the professional management of various securities (shares, bonds and other securities) and assets (e.g., real estate) to meet specified investment goals for the benefit of the investors.
The 5 steps to build you own portfolio are below-
Before creating a portfolio, think about why you’re investing in the first place. The more specific each goal is, the better you can decide which investments may be right for you. Start by answering these questions:
Asset allocation is simply the process of deciding how much money to put into each of the three main investment categories:
Asset allocation seeks to avoid the risk of owning just one type of investment. Because different investments don’t always move in the same direction, you have the potential to offset any losses from one holding with gains from others.Your exact allocations depend on your unique needs. For example, if you have the time and temperament to ride out market fluctuations, a stock-heavy portfolio may make sense. As you grow older or more conservative, you may want to gradually increase bond and cash positions.
After allocating assets into each investment category, the next step is to diversify across their various sub-categories, known as “investment styles.”For example, your stock allocations can include growth and value companies of different sizes, market sectors and countries. Bond styles range from government to corporate to municipal, short-term to long-term, investment grade to high yield, U.S. to international.Each of these investment styles tends to react differently to market and economic conditions. When some are rising, others may be falling. As a result, a broadly diversified portfolio is likely to fluctuate less than any one style alone.
Instead of building a portfolio with individual stocks, bonds and cash securities, many people find it easier to simply invest in mutual funds.Mutual funds are managed by professionals and diversified across more securities than you can likely afford to research, buy and manage on your own. It isn’t unusual for a single fund to include hundreds of different holdings so that no one security has too much influence on your total returns.
Many people make the mistake of switching investments or completely abandoning their portfolio during normal market swings. In most cases, a better approach is to simply buy and hold the same sound investments over time. If your personal circumstances or the financial markets don’t change dramatically, then neither should your fund mix.My advice is that, you should meet your financial advisor at least once in every six months to make sure that everything is going as per your plan. Together, you can decide if your current investments are still appropriate or if any adjustments are needed.
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Amit is an Independent Financial Advisor, based in Dubai since 1997. He is part of the prestigious ‘Million Dollar Round Table’ (MDRT), which is an elite club of the best financial advisors worldwide. He has authored the ‘6-Step Financial Success Guide’, and the book ‘Creating, Preserving, Distributing Wealth’. He helps business owners and professionals ‘Create A Second Income’ through investments.