As an investor you may face different types of challenges in the current global environment where markets and investments are linked. There are several investment options you have among equity, debt, or commodities, etc.
Having said that, what is the best portfolio that meets your investment target and needs? Rather than looking at the positives of each fund, let us take a look at the different “investment robbers” and how each portfolio protects and guards you against each of these robbers.
A portfolio which protects you from all the “robbers” is the portfolio we are looking for you.
Inflation is one of the biggest-and silent-enemies of any investor, a monster that many investors fail to recognize. Many people believe in “saving money” and mistake it for investment. However, saving is not investing – not according to the rules of money at least.
The rules of money permanently changed in 1971 when the then US president Richard Nixon took the country off the gold standard-a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is a fixed weight of gold-and granted itself the license to print money. Since then the US dollar and other world currencies have depreciated while the prices of all commodities measured against them, be it precious metals like gold and silver, industrial metals like steel, copper and aluminum, or agricultural commodities-have all gone up and will continue to rise over the long term.
Hence, inflation is the primary evil that a portfolio has to protect your investments from.
Debt funds do not offer any protection against inflation because bonds and money market instruments primarily invest for coupon interest or accrual, neither of which is capable of protecting your money against currency depreciation due to inflation. These investments only offer current income, not growth income.
Equity funds certainly offer you protection from inflation as they are invested in companies whose earnings are supposed to grow. Also, gold funds will offer you protection against inflation.
Interest rates are very dangerous in that they affect both debt and equity investments. When interest rates rise, bonds prices fall and so does the net asset value of your bond fund. Again, when interest rates rise, equities as a general rule fall because the earnings of companies drop due to the high finance and interest costs and a contraction in equity valuations due to an increase in discount rates.
Gold investments are what will help you fight off the interest rate demon.
Prices of all market-determined products, be it equities, bonds or gold, will fluctuate day-to-day. Yes, the price of an accrual product, like a liquid fund, will certainly protect you against market volatility but not against inflation, tax as well as incorrect asset collection.
The importance of asset allocation can be understood by only one statistical fact which, Roger Ibbotson, chairman and chief investment officer of equity investment and hedge fund manager Zebra Capital Management, and a professor in finance at Yale University, and Morningstar’s Paul D. Kaplan showed in a study in 2000 that 90 per cent of portfolio variability is due to asset allocation. This means only 10 per cent of the variability in portfolio performance is due to individual holdings.
In his book ‘Intelligent Asset Allocator’, American financial theorist William Bernstein has said that “there are two kinds of investors: those who do not know where the market is headed, and those who do not know that they do not know. Then again, there is a third type-the investment professional who indeed knows that he does not know, but whose livelihood depends on “appearing to know”.
Therefore, a cardinal principle of investment is that the only thing which is under your control is asset allocation because that is what you have full control over. However, equity, bond or gold funds do not offer you protection against incorrect asset allocation.
The panacea is a ‘balanced fund’. Let us see how a balanced fund indeed protects you from all different investment robbers.
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Amit is an Independent Financial Advisor, based in Dubai since 1997. He is part of the prestigious ‘Million Dollar Round Table’ (MDRT), which is an elite club of the best financial advisors worldwide. He has authored the ‘6-Step Financial Success Guide’, and the book ‘Creating, Preserving, Distributing Wealth’. He helps business owners and professionals ‘Create A Second Income’ through investments.
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